History of the potato famine

There was no hereditary loyalty, feudal tie, or mitigating tradition of paternalism as existed in England Ireland was a conquered country. Eventually, cows took over much of Ireland, leaving the native population virtually dependent on the potato for survival.

The potato thus became an important staple crop in northern Europe. Of course, this was entirely in line with Frederick's wishes. In answering this question, it is instructive to contrast the role of ideology in the general response to famines today with the part played by ideology in response to the Great Famine in Ireland.

The original gross deficiency of food was real. In an article on "English Rule" on 7 March, Mitchel wrote that the Irish People were "expecting famine day by day", and that they attributed it collectively not to "the rule of heaven as to the greedy and cruel policy of England".

The rents were raised and tenants evicted to create large cattle grazing pastures. She also writes that Irish exports of calves, livestock except pigsbacon, and ham actually increased during the Famine.

The Industrial Revolution was drawing an ever increasing percentage of the populace into crowded cities, where only the richest could afford homes with ovens or coal storage rooms, and people were working hour days which left them with little time or energy to prepare food.

The famine proved to be a watershed in the demographic history of Ireland.

Lefse History

The potato was well suited to the Irish the soil and climate, and its high yield suited the most important concern of most Irish farmers: Some of them even converted to Republicanism and wound up voting for another 'Irishman' named Ronald Reagan for president.

As well as providing starch, an essential component of the diet, potatoes are rich in vitamin C, high in potassium and an excellent source of fiber. Often even poor families grew enough extra potatoes to feed a pig that they could sell for cash.

The most dramatic example of the potato's potential to alter population patterns occurred in Ireland, where the potato had become a staple by The Earl of Clare observed of landlords that "confiscation is their common title".

The Nobel laureate Amartya Sen has rightly insisted that famine is almost always a preventable occurrence if only the government in question has the political will to prevent it.

An Drochshaol, though with the earlier spelling standard of the erawhich was Gaelic scriptit is found written as in Irish: They found cheap housing wherever they could, with many families living in musty cellars. They remained as 'boarders' until their money ran out at which time their luggage was confiscated for back-rent and they were tossed out into the streets, homeless and penniless.

The beautiful cathedral-like buildings became great sources of pride among the Irish, making the statement that Catholics had 'arrived' in America. In the Altiplanopotatoes provided the principal energy source for the Inca Empireits predecessors, and its Spanish successor.

These discriminated against non-Anglicans, principally Catholics and Presbyterians. This left huge chunks of abandoned farmland and even today, large areas of derelict farmland can be seen in Mayo and Galway.

The benefits of the potato, which yielded more food per acre than wheat and allowed farmers to cultivate a greater variety of crops for greater insurance against crop failure, were obvious wherever it was adopted.

Holdings were so small that no crop other than potatoes would suffice to feed a family. Ireland, however, was not generally afflicted with such adversities. Fifth, the government might have done something to restrain the ruthless mass eviction of families from their homes, as landlords sought to rid their estates of pauperized farmers and labourers.

Merchants lobbied against the export ban, but government in the s overrode their protests. In the early s, a strain of potato blight Phytophthora infestans known as HERB-1 began to spread in the Americas, especially Central and North America destroying many crops.

A second, somewhat less successful "Queen's Letter" was issued in late At Fredericksburg, the 'Fighting 69th' repeatedly charged a well-entrenched Confederate position on Marye's Heights to the astonishment of all who observed. Records show that Irish lands exported food even during the worst years of the Famine.

After the middle period of the Qianlong era —96 in the Qing dynastypopulation increases and a subsequent need to increase grain yields coupled with greater peasant geographic mobility led to the rapid spread of potato cultivation throughout China, and it was acclimated to local natural conditions.

But their country of origin remained a very sad place in the decades following the Famine. Such work was motivated by the notion that the perceived Irish national characteristic of sloth could be eradicated or at least reduced. There was no such export ban in the s. The Potato Famine Between the years of and over a million-people died of either disease, hunger or fever throughout Ireland.

The Irish believed that nature was a main cause but so were the British, English and the rest of Europe. This article is a continuation from Food in Ireland – Prelude to Famine. While the potato had seemed like the answer to a growing population’s prayers when it first arrived in Ireland, by the early ’s warnings began to grow about over reliance on a single source of food.

A significant proportion of the Irish population ate little other than potatoes, lived in close to total. Throughout the Famine years, nearly a million Irish arrived in the United States. Famine immigrants were the first big wave of poor refugees ever to arrive in the U.S.

Irelands' Population in the mid 1800's

and Americans were simply overwhelmed. Upon arrival in America, the Irish found the going to be quite tough. With no one to help.

The Irish potato famine exhibition in Dublin, Ireland tells the story of the Great Hunger, a period of mass death and starvation between and The famine exhibition includes original 19th century photographs, contemporary accounts and a 15 minute documentary film.

One of. This is an account of the Great Irish Potato Famine of the late s, a famine which resulted in the death of about one million people and was also largely responsible, in conjunction with British government policies, for one of the great international human migrations of British history—the mass exodus of some two million people from Ireland, mostly to North America, in the years – “Refugees generally leave their homeland out of desperation,” Kinealy says.

“Those who fled Ireland during the Famine—over one million people in the space of six years—were doing just that.

History of the potato famine
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