An introduction to the musical composers during the classical era

The scherzo and related slow movement, no longer simply rustic pieces, are both in sonata form.

Classical era music: a beginner's guide

Cambridge University Press, An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a light cantabile movement and a fast finale or minuet minuets in his symphonies date mostly after The first movement plunges to the heart of things from the opening chords, harmonizing the motto; there is no introduction, no coyness in exposing the main themes.

Whereas Beethoven wrestled with melodic problems, Schubert was a born melodist and consequently concerned himself more with the harmonic basis of form. Classic and Romantic Music: The other movements are well developed, the many contrasting themes integrated contrapuntally and extended with interesting modulations.

Chords reminiscent of German chorale hymn melody harmonizations and tremolo or pizzicato plucked accompaniments occur along with organ like counterpoint and pedal points sustained notes against changing harmonies.

But as the century progressed, composers wrote serious and profound chamber works, especially string quartets. As such it served its purpose throughout the 18th century, while harmony continued to be taught as the art of accompaniment—i. Wagner represents the apotheosis of Romanticism in music precisely because he fused into musico-poetic structures of unprecedented proportions virtually every musical resource that went before him.

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Introduction to Classical Music/History

Brahms is a master of understatement. Yet his style evolved little in the course of nine symphonies he was over 40 when he wrote his first symphonies; two other unnumbered early ones are never heard, and his last was incomplete at his death.

Mendelssohn spoke indeed for many when he remarked that, as far as he was concerned, music was more precise in meaning than words. Bruckner, a devout Catholic whose church music is among the finest of his generation, is noteworthy not only for the excessive length and heavy orchestration of many late movements but for his Wagnerian harmonies, large-scale repetitions, and at its best monumental conceptions of form.

He retained the four-movement format and familiar methods of thematic development and rigorous contrapuntal craftsmanship, avoided programmatic content, and was always concerned with aural effect.

Twelve of the symphonies are immature works, but the remainder fairly exemplify his style: Music in the Eighteenth Century. The last movement introduces new material but without destroying the cyclic nature of the whole work.

Music by Luigi Boccherini. If Berlioz and Liszt represented a trend toward freedom and extramusical content in symphonic writing, Schumann and Mendelssohn were more conservative though not strictly comparable.

Likewise, it was the first era in which the process of composition was viewed as linked to powerful internal impulses.


The only drawback is that it ignores a number of important areas of music, including Scandinavia. Introduction.

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Perhaps the shortest and yet most prolific period in music history is the Classical Era. Traditionally, it has been roughly defined as the last half of the 18th century, e.g., from the death of Johann Sebastian Bach in to some date in the early years of the 19th; contenders for this include the turn of the century (),just.

Introduction to the Classical Period. dynamic markings for crescendos and decrescendos were now being notated in the music. Composers also separated pieces into different movements, often changing the mood in each movement to add emotion to the piece.

Many used the Sonata form, which consisted of an exposition, development. In the Classical era, some composers continued to write only one bass part for their symphony, labeled "bassi"; this bass part was played by cellists and double bassists.

During the Classical era, some composers began to give the double basses their own part.

List of Classical-era composers

Instrumental music was considered important by Classical period composers. The main kinds of instrumental music were the sonata, trio, string quartet, symphony (performed by an orchestra) and the solo concerto, which featured a virtuoso solo performer playing a solo work for violin, piano, flute, or another instrument, accompanied by an orchestra.

Musical composition - The Classical period: The Classical era in music is compositionally defined by the balanced eclecticism of the late 18th- and early 19th-century Viennese “school” of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert, who completely absorbed and individually fused or transformed the vast array of 18th-century textures and formal types.

The Classical era arose from a reaction against many of the established musical norms and composers worked on developing a very different sound. Classical music, like classical architecture built its structures on symmetry and apparent simplicity.

An introduction to the musical composers during the classical era
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History of Classical Music - Eras