For their part, Soviet leaders looked on western talk of such democratic procedures as free elections in eastern Europe as Trojan horses designed to undermine their control of their buffer states, and regarded the Marshall plan, which funnelled American aid into Europe, as a cover for extending the grip of capitalism.
When it was elected in the summer offor example, the Labour government in Britain moved rapidly to establish the welfare state. The Europeans' African empires crumbled in the s and early s. For this reason it can easily withdraw—and usually does when strong resistance is encountered at any point.
The policy of containing Cuba was put into effect by President John F. Britain and France may have been fighting for liberty, but they were not prepared to extend it to their empires.
Two powers, so great that the new term "superpower" had to be coined for them, dominated the world in Furthermore, where the empires had once dealt with divided or acquiescent peoples, they now increasingly faced assertive and, in some cases, well-armed nationalist movements. Acknowledging such difficult parts of the past is not always easy and has led to history becoming a political football in a number of countries.
The most recent Catechism of the Catholic Church states: From de Gaulle onwards, French leaders played up the resistance in such a way as to claim its moral authority but also to imply that it was more broadly based and widespread than it actually was.
After all, one ally was the Soviet Union, in its own way as guilty of crimes against humanity as Nazi Germany, fascist Italy or Japan. It does not take unnecessary risks.
The end of the war inevitably also brought a settling of scores. In some of the countries that had suffered under Nazi occupation, communism was seen as the best safeguard against the possibility of a revival of fascism in the future.
Collaborators were beaten, lynched or shot. The one major exception was Poland, as the joke had it "a country on wheels", which moved some miles to the west, losing some 69, sq metres to the Soviet Union and gaining slightly less from Germany in the west.
Also, much of the policy helped influence U. Truman's motives on that occasion have been the subject of considerable scholarship and several schools of interpretation.
Congress appropriated the money. Britain and France may have been fighting for liberty, but they were not prepared to extend it to their empires.
His focus shifted to negotiating a settlement, which was finally reached in Empires crumble The former imperial powers no longer had the financial and military capacity to hang on to their vast territories. In Japan, the conservatives minimise Japanese responsibility for the war and downplay atrocities on nationalist grounds.
However, many other Republicans, led by Senator Arthur H. New 'superpowers' Politically, the impact of the war was also great. While many Europeans, wearied by years of war and privation, gave up on politics altogether and faced the future with glum pessimism, others hoped that, at last, the time had come to build a new and better society.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It does not take unnecessary risks. Ronald Reagana long-time advocate of rollback, was elected US President in He was accused of treason to the Communist ideas and was sent to trials and tortured during several years between and The allies did what they could to feed and house the refugees and to reunite families that had been forcibly torn apart, but the scale of the task and the obstacles were enormous.
After Germany invaded the Soviet Union in during World War II, the U.S. and the Soviet Union found themselves allied against Germany and used rollback. Role in Cold War: After the Second World War, superpowers were able to advance their interests in other regions through aligned countries and unstable countries and proxy wars.
cold war Explanation: War void of physical warfare for the purpose of winning over large groups of people with one's ideologies.
Truman formulated the doctrine in response to the Greek Civil War, which itself was an extension of World War II. German troops had occupied Greece since Aprilbut as the war progressed, Communist insurgents known as the National Liberation Front (or EAM/ELAS) challenged Nazi control.
Keywords: containing communism, reactions to communism, history of communism After the Second World War, the United States began seeing an expansion of communism into Eastern Europe and sought to stop the spread of communism by adopting a policy of containment.
It was “the free world against “the slave world”, democracy versus international communism. The struggle came to be known as the Cold War. (Thernstrom,). Because of the cold war, there was no comprehensive peace settlement after the second world war as there had been in Instead there were a number of separate agreements or ad hoc decisions.An attempt to contain communism after the second world war