With this Logic one can draw a loose version of the motivated sequence, there is no attention grabber, but none is needed, Pericles is giving a funeral oration and people are listening. Pericles was an obvious choice and in his speech, he chose to honor the dead by praising the city they had died to defend.
Any citizen or stranger who pleases, joins in the procession: By the first century B. He points out that the Athenians are at the highest level of preparation in every department, especially in wealth, which he says is most important in war 1.
As an example, he states that recklessness began to be thought of as courageous and cautious planning to be cowardly 3.
And I could have wished that the reputations of many brave men were not to be imperilled in the mouth of a single individual, to stand or fall according as he spoke well or ill.
Pericles uses his confidence as well as some rhetorical devices to gain trust from the audience. No permission is granted for commercial use. It is also important to keep in mind how this theme is related to the work as a whole.
There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor Athenian… This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War.
This is clearly indicative of the idea that war is a violent teacher.
As a Greek living in Athens, Pericles is not one to avoid dramatism, rather he embraces it fully as would be expected of him. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy.
If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition.
Athens, is a nutshell, was difficult to contend with. Thucydides and the Tradition of Funeral Speeches at Athens. One major theme can be found in book 2, chapter 53, where Thucydides describes the situation in Athens after it had been stricken with plague during the Peloponnesian War.
This isn't to say that Pericles was not capable of wordplay as an accomplished politician and supporter of literature, just that the manuscript used today is Thucydides' interpretation of the speech. Pericles identifies with the audience so well that he is able to ask so much without being afraid of rejection.
He took her to live with him as a mistress though they were never formally married, a decision which damaged Pericles' reputation greatly given his support of a law which deemed that children without two Athenian parents could not be granted citizenship in Athens.
Several funeral orations from classical Athens are still extant, which seem to corroborate Thucydides ' assertion that this was a regular feature of Athenian funerary custom in wartime. The speech was delivered at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War after a funeral procession to honor those who had died so far.
This shows what a great communicator Pericles really was. Content of the speech[ edit ] The Funeral Oration is significant because it differs from the usual form of Athenian funeral speeches. Yet you who are still of an age to beget children must bear up in the hope of having others in their stead; not only will they help you to forget those whom you have lost, but will be to the state at once a reinforcement and a security; for never can a fair or just policy be expected of the citizen who does not, like his fellows, bring to the decision the interests and apprehensions of a father.
The last part of the ceremony was a speech delivered by a prominent Athenian citizen.
He goes on to describe how Corcyra was amidst turmoil as the Corcyraean people were engaged in killing their fellow citizens 3. Again, in our enterprises we present the singular spectacle of daring and deliberation, each carried to its highest point, and both united in the same persons; although usually decision is the fruit of ignorance, hesitation of reflection.
Because as they are described by Pericles, Athenian citizens were distinct from the citizens of other nations — they were open minded, tolerant, and ready to understand and follow orders.
Where their system of democracy allowed them to have a voice amongst those who made important decisions that would affect them.
University of Michigan Press. And not contented with ideas derived only from words of the advantages which are bound up with the defence of your country, though these would furnish a valuable text to a speaker even before an audience so alive to them as the present, you must yourselves realize the power of Athens, and feed your eyes upon her from day to day, till love of her fills your hearts; and then, when all her greatness shall break upon you, you must reflect that it was by courage, sense of duty, and a keen feeling of honour in action that men were enabled to win all this, and that no personal failure in an enterprise could make them consent to deprive their country of their valour, but they laid it at her feet as the most glorious contribution that they could offer.
This analysis of Thucydides “History of the Peloponnesian War” focuses on his treatment of Pericles. The ancient historian’s use of antithesis is examined to.
Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several.
In BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles.
The Funeral Oration was recorded by Thucydides in book two of his History of the Peloponnesian War Although Thucydides records the speech in the first person as if it were a word for word record of what Pericles said, there can be little doubt that Thucydides has edited the speech at the very least.
In The History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides chronicles the events, battles, and democratic processes of the war between Athens and Sparta. Shortly after war broke out, Pericles delivered his funeral oration in honor of the courageous Athenians who already perished in battle. Apr 30, · Analysis of Pericles' Funeral oration Analysis of Pericles: Funeral Oration Though the exact words of Pericles' famous and influential Funeral Oration during the Autumn of B.C are unknown, it's purpose, meaning, and eloquence was captured by his good friend Thucydides.An analysis of pericles funeral oration from the history of the peloponnesian war